Two Treatises of Civil Government
- John LockeTải app để nghe
The _Two Treatises of Civil Government_ is a work of political philosophy published anonymously in 1689 by John Locke. The _First Treatise_ is an extended attack on Sir Robert Filmer’s _Patriarcha_, which argued for a divinely-ordained, hereditary, absolute monarchy. The more influential _Second Treatise_ outlines a theory of civil society based on natural rights and contract theory. Locke begins by describing the “state of nature,” and goes on to explain the hypothetical rise of property and civilization, asserting that the only legitimate governments are those which have the consent of the people. Locke’s ideas heavily influenced both the American and French Revolutions. His notions of people’s rights and the role of civil government provided strong support for the intellectual movements of both revolutions.
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